• The LRC is an administrative commission composed of tripartite representatives from employees, employers, and public interests, respectively.
  • The LRC is an independent quasijudicial body that mediate and adjudicates disputes between labor and management regarding their interests and rights.
Major Functions
  • Mediation of labor disputes and determination on the level of essential minimum services to be maintained.
  • Recognition of the rightful bargaining representative and correction in case of violation of the duty of fair representation.
  • Adjudication of cases of unfair dismissal and unfair labor practice.
  • Ordering correction of discrimination against fixed-term, part-time and temporary agency workers.
History of the LRC
  • 1954
  • The National Labor Relations Commission was established.
       The NLRC was established under the Minister of Social Affairs. Regional Labor Relations Commissions
       were established under the mayor of Seoul Metropolitan City and governors of provinces.
  • 1963
  • The remedy system for unfair labor practices was introduced.
  • 1980
  • Integration of Offices
       The NLRC and RLRCs were placed under the Ministry of Labor.
  • 1989
  • The remedy system for unfair dismissals was introduced.
  • 1997
  • The status of the NLRC was promoted.
       The rank of the Chairperson was raised (1st grade officer ⇒ a minister level).
       The Executive Offices and divisions were established.
  • Since 2007
  • The discrimination correction system was introduced (2007).
    The system for recognition of essential minimum services was introduced (2008).
    The system for recognition of the bargaining representative and correction of violation of the duty of
       fair representation was introduced (2011).
  • The LRC is composed of the National Labor Relations Commission(NLRC), the Regional Labor Relations Commissions(RLRC: 12 regions), and the Special Labor Relations Commission, based on their jurisdiction and missions.
  • In order to handle various matters under its jurisdiction, the LRC keeps committees in each category in addition to the Plenary Session: the Adjudication Committee, the Discrimination Correction Committee, the Mediation Committee, the Special Mediation Committee, the Arbitration Committee, the Teachers’ Labor Relations Mediation Committee, and the Public Officials’ Labor Relations Mediation Committee.
  • In order to support administrative affairs, the NLRC has a secretariat and the RLRC has an executive office.
The number of Officials

(Jan 2016, Unit : Persons)

The number of Officials
Division Total Chair Person Standing Members Senior Officials(Director generals) Grade 3-4 Grade 4 Below Grade 5 Public officials engaging in management and operation
Total* 366 12 8 1 1 14 300 30
NLRC 92 1 2 1 - 8 76 4
RLRC 274 11 6 - 1 6 224 26

        * Jeju RLRC is exlcuded because it is a member of Jeju local government

Organization Chart

Organization Chart 이미지